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Common Spanish Prepositions with English Equivalents

 

a to, at, by means of Vamos a la ciudad. We are going to the city. Vengo a las tres. I am coming at 3. Viajamos a pie. We are traveling by foot.
antes de before Leo antes de dormirme. I read before going to sleep.
bajo under El perro está bajo la mesa. The dog is under the table.
cerca de near El perro está cerca de la mesa. The dog is near the table.
con with Voy con él. I am going with him.
contra against Estoy contra la huelga. I am against the strike.
de of, from, indicating possession El sombrero es hecho de papel. The hat is made of paper. Soy de Nueva York. I'm from New York. Prefiero el carro de Juan. I prefer John's car (I prefer the car of John).
delante de in front of Mi carro está delante de la casa. My car is in front of the house.
dentro de inside El perro está dentro de la jaula. The dog is inside the cage.
desde since, from No comí desde ayer. I haven't eaten since yesterday. Tiró el béisbol desde el carro. He threw the baseball from the car.
después de after Comemos después de la clase. We are eating after class.
detrás de behind El perro está detrás de la mesa. The dog is behind the table.
durante during Dormimos durante la clase. We slept during the class.
en in, on Ella está en Nueva York. She is in New York. El perro está en la mesa. The dog is on the table.
encima de on top of El gato está encima de la casa. The cat is on top of the house.
enfrente de in front of El perro está enfrente de la mesa. The dog is in front of the table.
entre beween El perro está entre le mesa y el sofá. The dog is between the table and the sofa.
fuera de outside of El perro está fuera de la casa. The dog is outside of the house.
hacia toward Caminamos hacia la escuela. We are walking toward the school.
hasta until Duermo hasta las seis. I'm sleeping until 6.
para for, in order to El regalo es para usted. The gift is for you. Trabajo para ser rico. I work in order to be rich.
por for, by Damos gracias por la comida. We give thanks for the meal. Fue escrito por Juan. It was written by Juan.
según according to Según el periódico, va a nevar. According to the newspaper, it is going to snow.
sin without Voy sin él. I am going without him.
sobre over, about Se cayó sobre la silla. He fell over the chair. Es un programa sobre el presidente. It's a program about the president.
tras after, behind Caminaban uno tras otro. The walked one after (behind) the other.
 

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Miguel A Contreras