NOT summarize the contents of the text at length.
Instead, take a systematic, analytical and persuasive
approach to the text.
---First of all, be sure to
mention the title of the work to which you are
responding, the author, and the main thesis of
Then, try to answer ALL of
the questions below.
Who needs to read this text, and why? Why is this text
important for these readers, personally, and with their
lives (past, present or future)? (These are your intended
b. How might
the text surprise your intended audience or clash with their
view of the world, and what they consider right and wrong?
Use quotes and examples to discuss how the
text might surprise or alarm them if they would read it, or
how it might disagree with what they think about the world,
about right and wrong, and about what they think it is to be
c. What is the most
important thing your intended readers can learn from it?
Use quotes to illustrate what they might learn from the
today are usually busy and have little time to read. Why
should this particular text pass their “Who cares?” test?
How does the text address things that are
especially important to their family, their community, their
ethnic group, to people of their economic or social class or
background, or their faith tradition? Use quotes to
sum up, what do you want your readers to believe and to
do as a result of the text? What kinds of good things
might happen if they agree to follow your recommendations,
and what are the worst things that could happen if they
ignore or refuse your recommendation?