Creating a Research Space (CARS)
[Swales & Feak]
Move 1: Establish a research territory
a. Show that your general research area is important, central, interesting, problematic, or relevant in some way. Why would your research pass your audience's "who cares?" test?
b. Introduce and review previous research or current knowledge in your chosen area.
Move 2 Establish a niche
a. Point out a gap in the previous knowledge or research, raise a question about it, or extend previous knowledge in some way.
Move 3 Occupy the niche
a. State the exact nature of your proposed research.
b. If you are writing before doing research, tell what your own expected principal findings or outcomes might be. If you are writing after doing research, briefly explain your outcomes or results are, and why they are significant.
Adapted for undergraduate use from Swales, John M. and Christine B. Feak. Academic Writing for Graduate Students. Ann Arbor: U. of Michigan P., 1994. 175.
Reproduced under fair use for classroom use only. Rev 1/10
For educational purposes only.
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